Women and Anabolic Steroids: An Analysis of a Dozen Users

Eric J. Ip, PharmD, CSCS, BCPS, CDE,Mitchell J. Barnett, MS, PharmD, Michael J. Tenerowicz, BA, CSCS, Jennifer A. Kim, PharmD, Hong Wei, MS, and Paul J. Perry, PhD

Purpose: To provide an in-depth analysis of 12 female self reported anabolic–androgenic steroid (AAS) users.

Conclusions: Female AAS users practice polypharmacy (using multiple medications). Female AAS users are more likely to have qualified for substance dependence disorder, have been diagnosed with a psychiatric illness, and have a history of sexual abuse than both male AAS users and female non-AAS users.